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Σάββατο, 27 Δεκεμβρίου 2014

Indispensable Turkey


Iraqi Prime Minister El Abadi paid a two-day visit to Ankara upon the invitation of Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu.

His visit included a lengthy meeting with President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, which had significant signs and messages regarding a general conjuncture and foreign affairs.
Turkey’s role in the region upholds an increasing intensity in the face of all the negative developments
due to being the only country in the entire region with democracy, political stability, strength and the ability to export. On the other hand, it seems inevitable for political regimes in the region to make a transition to a democratic structure. In this regard, the entire Arab Awakening portrayed the peoples’ desire for freedom and democracy.
The prime minister of Iraq and the new government have avoided sectarian policies that the previous Iraqi central government had adopted. The Turkish government has time and again depicted the fatal consequences engendered from this sectarian policy and warned the Iraqi authorities. The emergence and the success of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), which has captured a significant part of the Iraqi territories and jeopardizes the stability of Iraqi Kurdistan, were a result of Syrian President Bashar Assad’s massacres and the fatal errors of the al-Maliki government.
Since the beginning, the Turkish government has been trying to maintain a balance: On one hand, it endeavors to support “democratic” structures and addresses legitimate powers, while adopting a particular attitude to prevent any change in the existing borders and the secession of countries; on the other hand, it tries to establish the needed economic and commercial infrastructure for development of the region. In the short term, it is easy to criticize Turkey, which has been trying to balance these three dynamics in an environment of civil war and terrorism. In Turkey and in the West, there is an ossified opposition that loudly expresses this criticism and lives with it. However, at this point, Iraq’s central government has intensified its relations with the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) as well as the Turkish government, overcome its problems and provided a consensus on combat against terrorism, the restructuring of the Iraq army and energy transportation.
Turkey describes movements that try to change boundaries in the region without any democratic legitimacy as “terrorist” movements. Both the PKK and the Syrian Democratic Union Party (PYD) will be considered within the context of this definition unless they renounce armed politics. But at the same time, the Turkish government has promised important support in the training of Peshmerga forces. This development has to be seen as an extension of Turkey’s principled stance: supporting powers with democratic legitimacy in the region.
A very important agreement Turkey reached with Iraq may open new perspectives for Iran. Turkey’s principled politics has already begun to bear fruit in the region. The key element in this process manifests itself as the maintenance of Turkey’s political stability. Since this is the issue in which Turkey is most under attack shows how much Turkey disturbs some power circles.

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